Common Injuries - Ankle/Foot

Achilles Tendon Rupture

The Achilles tendon connects the muscles in the back of your leg to your heel bone.  If you overstretch the Achilles tendon it can tear partially or complete.  Usually an Achilles tendon rupture happens close to the heel bone, but it can actually occur anywhere on the tendon. When this occurs there is a very sharp pain or even a popping noise that is very painful, and makes it hard to walk properly.

Broken Ankle

A broken ankle is a very common injury that is usually caused by a fall where the ankles is twisted or snapped under the weight of a body. The seriousness of a broken ankle can vary from a hairline fracture to a sever break involving multiple bones. 

Ankle Sprain

A sprained ankle occurs when the tendons and ligaments are forced past their normal range of motion. Sprained ankles can occur simply by twisting, turning, or even rolling your foot in an unnatural way. Most sprained ankles result in ankle pain and swelling.

Diabetic Foot Ulcers

Diabetic foot ulcers are one of the major complications of diabetes mellitus, and a major component of the diabetic foot.

Lisfranc Joint Injury

This injury occurs for less than 1% of all ankle/foot injuries.  Lisfranc joint injuries occurs when there is much pain and swelling like a simple ankle sprain, except the swelling takes place over the midfoot region and the foot cannot bear weight at all. These injuries are also usually caused by high energy forces such as a car accident or falling multiple stories to the ground.

Metatarsal Fracture

A common injury for athletes, the metatarsal fracture is when one of the long bones in the forefoot is broken.  Most metatarsal fractures are caused from twisting or direct impact of one of the long bones.

Os Trigonum Syndrome

The Os Trigonum bone is only found in 5-15% of the population, and is a small round bone that sits directly behind the ankle bone. The O Trigonum bone sometimes doesn’t fuse properly to the ankle joint, and get caught in the ankle preventing normal movement causing this syndrome.

Plantar Fasciitis

Most common heel pain is caused by the inflammation of the plantar fascia, the tissue that connects your heel bone to the toes on the bottom of the foot. Plantar fasciitis caused stabbing pain that is most common during physical activity or the first few steps taken in the morning.

Snowboarder’s Ankle

This injury is very difficult to diagnose and is usually mistaken for an ankle sprain.  Snowboarder’s ankle is actually a lateral talus fracture, a break on the outside of the ankle.  This injury is most common in snowboarder’s due to landing a jump of off a slope or hill.

Tibialis Posterior Pain

An inflammation or overstretching of the posterior tibia tendon located in the foot.  This pain also causes a flattening of the foot and an inward rolling of the ankle. The posterior tibia tendon is a tendon that stretches from the leg down into the inside of the ankle down into the arch of the foot. This can also be called “adult flatfoot” because it is the most common type of flatfoot seen in adults.

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