Common Injuries - Spine

Cervical Fracture

Also referred to as a broken neck, the fracture of any cervical bones can be catastrophic potentially resulting in spinal cord injury, paralysis, or even death. Most cervical fractures are caused by considerable force most common by car accidents or diving into a pool that is too shallow.

Degenerative Disc Disease

Describes the area between the discs in your back as you age which shows the wear and tear of the soft tissue. In some instances nerves are compressed between the discs resulting in back pain and loss of muscle function.

Herniated Disc

The vertebrae are cushioned by spongy discs that help with flexibility and act as shock absorbers.  When a disc is damaged it may break open or slip out of place.  This incident can also be called a ruptured or herniated disc. Some symptoms include a sharp pain radiating through an arm or leg, tingling and muscle weakness.

Kyphosis

A curving of the spine that causes a bowing or rounding of the back which leads to a hunchback or slouching posture.  Can be caused by degenerative disc disease, fractures, osteoporosis, or spondylolisthesis.

Osteoporosis

Thinning of bone tissue and loss of bone density over time.

Sciatica

Sciatica is usually caused by a herniated disc which is compressed again the nerve connecting to the sciatic nerve. When sciatica is present, pain shoots from the lower back to the back of each leg.  Other symptoms of sciatica include tingling and burning in the buttocks, and difficulty moving the legs.

Spinal Stenosis

Characterized as the narrowing of spaces in the spine, which adds pressure to the spinal cord and nerves.  When the narrowing of the spine occurs in the cervical part of the spine, the arms and hands tend to experience pain or numbness, and when the narrowing is in the lumbar part of the spine, these symptoms are apparent in the legs and feet.

Spondylolisthesis

Anterior displacement of a vertebra or the vertebral column in relation to the vertebrae below.  These slips occur most commonly in the lumbar spine.

Whiplash

Also called a neck sprain or strain, whiplash is a common neck injury resulting from either a sports injury or a car accident. Whiplash can damage the ligaments, muscles and joints in someone’s neck and back.

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